Defence Public Sector Undertakings


There are nine Central Public Sector Undertakings under the administrative control of the Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence.


Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), a Navratna Company, is the largest DPSU under the Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence, India. HAL has 20 Production Divisions, 11 R&D Centres and one Facility Management Division spread across the Country. It has so far produced 15 types of aircraft from in-house R&D and 14 types under license. Major aircraft/helicopters in the current production range are SU-30MKI Multi-role Fighter, Hawk - Advanced Jet Trainer, Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), Dornier-228 Light Transport Aircraft, Dhruv- Advanced Light Helicopter and Cheetal- helicopters.


  1. HAL is celebrating Platinum Jubilee on completion of 75 years of existence in 2015. Coinciding with the Platinum Jubilee Celebration, the major achievements in 2015-16 include core engine run of 25 KN turbofan engine (HTFE-25), Design and Development initiation of 1200 KW Turbo shaft engine, Inauguration of structural repair shop for Su-30 MKI ROH, Renovated heritage centres across HAL, New campus of HAL Management Academy and 2nd line of ALH production at TAD, Kanpur.
  2. Hon'ble Prime Minister laid the foundation stone for Hindustan Aeronautics Limited(HAL)'s new Helicopter Manufacturing Facility at Biderehalla Kaval, Gubbi Taluk, Tumakuru, about 100 km from Bengaluru, on January 3, 2016.
  3. Desired stall characteristics of Intermediate Jet Trainer (IJT) achieved, various types of trials completed. 17 spin test flights carried out and further spin trials are under process.
  4. 1st Flight (Tethered Flight) of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (RUAVs), which are remotely controlled by ground control stations, carried out on 16th Dec. '15. In future these R-UAVs can be used for all kinds of missions deemed Dull, Dirty and Dangerous.
  5. Transport Aircraft Division, Kanpur, has been awarded 'Production Organization Approval' by DGCA for manufacture and ROH of Dornier Do -228 aircraft for civil sector. This will supplement HAL's efforts to diversify into civil aviation sector.
  6. HAL has delivered the Orbiter Craft Module Structure to ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) on June 10, 2015 for the Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyan).

Awards Received During 2015-16:

  1. HAL bagged Raksha Mantri's Award for Excellence in Performance, Innovation and Indigenisation for the year 2012-13 on 28th January, 2016.
  2. HAL has been honoured with the 'Infosec Maestro Award 2015' for the project 'HAL Single Sign-On', a single web portal for all the applications of HAL for innovative and talented information security initiatives across India.
  3. HAL has been conferred with 'National Export Award for Star Performance' for the year 2013-14 on September 3, 2015 by Engineering Export Promotion Council.
  4. HAL has bagged 'BT-Star PSU Excellence Awards 2015'.

Environment Protection:

All the Divisions have certificates from Pollution Control Boards of respective States for operation as per statutory requirements. Sewage Treatment Plants (STP) have been built for Factories and Townships. Two plants of 500 Kg per Day capacity Organic Solid Waste Converters have been installed at Bengaluru. The Company has adopted Energy saving products like LED Lamps and Energy star rated equipment with energy saving of 25 Lac units of Electricity by the Divisions based at Bengaluru alone. The Company has Plan of setting up Renewable Energy Plants with capacity of 50 MW over the next five years. So far, Solar Power Plants with total power generation of 0.5 MW have been commissioned. Orders for setting up 6.3 MW Wind Power Plant and 3.5 MW Solar Power Plant have been awarded.

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BEL, a Navratna Company, established in 1954 under MoD has nine Units across India. BEL has core competencies in Defence sector in areas of Radars &Weapon Systems, Sonars, Communication, EWS, Electro-Optics and Tank Electronics. In Non-Defence sector, BEL's product range includes EVMs, Tablet PCs, ICs, Hybrid Microcircuits, Semiconductor devices, solar cells etc.

R&D: BEL has set up R&D facilities in all nine Units to achieve self-reliance. Company has made a 3 year R&D Plan identifying future programs & various technologies, knowledge Management Portal etc. On an average 10 new Products are introduced annually. BEL spends around 8% of its turnover on R&D.

Major achievements/awards in 2015-16

  1. Indigenously Developed Surface-to-Air-Akash Missile System was inducted into IAF in July 2015.
  2. Foundation stone of 'Defence Systems Integration Complex' at Palasamudram in Anantapur district was laid by Hon'ble Raksha Mantri on 30th September 2015 aimed at strengthening Defence capabilities in Surface-to-Air Missile System area
  3. BEL was conferred with 'Dun & Bradstreet India's Top PSUs Award 2015' in Electrical & Electronics Sector
  4. BEL bagged ELCINA-EFY awards for Excellence in Electronic Hardware Manufacturing & Services for 2014-15 in Quality and Exports categories.

Future challenges: Competition has intensified, with the opening of Defence Electronics market to private participation. To combat competition, BEL has adopted various strategies like changes in organizational structure, enhanced thrust on New Product Development, Diversification, Improvement of Processes, Practices& Infrastructure etc.

IndigenisationBEL has achieved around 80% of its turnover from indigenously developed products. Some of the major ones developed in recent past include Schilka Air-Defence System (Army), Software Defined Radio (Navy), Communication Network (Link II Mod III), Unit Level Switch Board Mk-III, Advanced Composite Communication System (Navy), Ship Data Network for P16A, Simulator for Akash Weapon System, Missile Warning System (Army), New Generation Sonars (Navy) etc. To bridge the Technology gaps, BEL is systematically indigenizing the components & sub-assemblies of ToT products in a phased manner.

Modernization: BEL has been consistently investing in modernisation of facilities which is essential for successful indigenization efforts. The recent major investments include Image Intensifier Tube Manufacturing & Testing facilities, Near Field Test Range Facility, Antenna Test Facility, EMI/EMC Test Chambers, Supercomponents Assembly & Test facility, Indoor/Outdoor Test Platforms for Radars & Missile Systems etc. BEL will be investing around Rs.500 crore towards CAPEX for 2015-16 through internal accruals.

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Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), a Mini Ratna Category-I Company was incorporated in the year 1970 under the Ministry of Defence. A pioneer in the manufacture of Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM) in the country, BDL is now involved in manufacturing ATGMs of new generation, Surface-to-air weapon systems, strategic weapons, launchers, underwater weapons, decoys and test equipment. BDL is fully geared up to meet the demands of the Armed Forces by capacity augmentation of all Major projects including ATGMs and SAMs by establishing new units at Amravati, Maharashtra and Ibrahimpatnam, Ranga Reddy District, Telangana State.

BDL's three Units at Kanchanbagh, Bhanur and Visakhapatnam have ISO 14001 Certification. BDL's Production Divisions, Design & Engineering and Information Technology Divisions have obtained ISO 9001:2008 accreditation.

BDL has integrated LRSAM missile for Indian Navy for which HOT (Home On Target) test has been conducted and two LRSAM Missiles have been test fired successfully from Indian Warship in Dec 2015.BDL is also the Lead Integrator for MRSAM(Army). Currently Akash Weapons System (AWS) is one of the major products indigenously produced by BDL with DRDO as designer, which is being supplied to Indian Army and Air Force.

BDL is putting constant and determined efforts towards indigenisation of ATGMs being manufactured with an objective of increasing self-reliance, reduction of foreign exchange and cost reduction. BDL has achieved indigenization upto 90%, 76.4% and 71% in respect of Konkurs-M ATGM, Invar ATGM and Milan-2T ATGM respectively.

Major Achievements:

CAPEX & Modernization: Rs.226 crore has been earmarked for the year 2015-16 on CAPEX. Out of this Rs.110 crore will be spent on modernization of Plant & Machinery and other operational activities of the company.

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BEML, established in 1964, is a Mini-Ratna (Category-1) Public Sector Undertaking. The Company has nine manufacturing units located at Bengaluru, Kolar Gold Fields (KGF), Mysuru and Palakkad and subsidiary steel Foundry - Vignyan Industries Ltd, in Tarikere, Chikmagalur District and engaged in design, development, manufacturing, sales and after sales activities of a wide range of areas of Mining & Construction, Defence and Rail & Metro products. The Company's International Business covers over 58 countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

R&D initiatives and Development of New Products: The Company has a focused approach on in-house R&D, spending around 3% of its turnover towards R&D. The in-house R&D developed products have contributed on an average of 50% of the total turnover in the last 3 years. During the current year SMERCH Project for 8 x 8 and 10 x 10 has been taken up. 7 patents have been filed since 2008-09 including 2 patents viz. Forged Design Tooth Point for Backhoe Loader in 2014-15 and Tooth Point for Walking Dragline Buckets in 2015-16.

Indigenization: Indigenization level is over 90% in respect of Mining & Construction products and Rail products and 50% for Metro cars. In case of Defence products, viz., PMS Bridge, ATT, Aircraft weapon loader, 50T trailer etc., the company achieved 100% indigenization.

Environmental Protection: The Company in association with the Forest department of Karnataka has planted 2015 tree saplings in KGF, Mysuru and Bengaluru complex. It has set up a 5MW Windmill at Gadag district in Karnataka towards green energy initiative.

Awards received: BEML Limited has been awarded with Raksha Mantri Award for the year 2012-13 under 'Best Performance in Exports' category. BEML also received India's Top Challenger Company' in the category of Construction & Engineering in the 12th Annual Construction World Global Awards-2014 by ASAPP Media Information Group and has also bagged 'Silver Shield for Star Performer - Large Enterprise (Machinery for Mining, Quarrying and Construction & Parts thereof)' awarded by EEPC.

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MIDHANI, a Mini-Ratna company, was established in 1973 under the administrative control of Department of Defence Production & Supplies, Ministry of Defence to achieve self reliance in the Manufacture of a wide spectrum of critical and complex alloys like super alloys, titanium alloys, special steels & stainless steels, soft magnetic alloys etc in variety of mill forms using state-of-art production facilities. MIDHANI caters to the needs of Defence, space, aeronautics, nuclear power, electronics, tele-communications and many other strategic sectors of the country. MIDHANI has developed, manufactured and supplied more than 105 grades of high performance alloys in different shapes, sizes, forms towards programmes of national importance in the Defence, Space and Atomic Energy sectors.

Indigenization: Most of the alloys/products manufactured in MIDHANI are import substitutes. Some of the recently developed products such as Superni42, Supercast55, steering gear assembly for ARIHANT submarine, Titan 26 discs for Adour engines, C103 sheets for satellite propulsion, etc, were manufactured using innovative manufacturing technology.

Financial Performance: MIDHANI has achieved an impressive Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of about 15% in sales over the past 10 years and has also continuously earned "Excellent" MoU performance rating.

Environment Protection: Solar Power plant has been set up at vacant lands of MIDHANI Township for utilizing renewable energy for power saving.Plantation of approx 1000 saplings of fruit bearing, aromatic & medicinal plants as part of Oushada Vanam & Haritha Vanam projects were also undertaken.

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Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) is the leading Shipyard amongst all Defence PSU Shipyards engaged in construction of Warships and Submarines. MDL is presently constructing Missile Destroyers, Stealth Frigates and Scorpene Submarines in order to achieve self-reliance in warship production for the Indian Navy.

Deliveries and Launchings: Y-702, "INS KOCHI", 2nd ship of P15A Class delivered on September 09, 2015,, Scorpene class Submarine KALVARI, undocked on April 06, 2015and launched on 29.10.2015, First Destroyer of P15B VISAKHAPATNAM launched on April 20, 2015.

R&D Initiatives: During 2015-2016 an amount of Rs.60.18 Cr. has been spent on R&D activities. Three In-house Projects- Development of methodology for lifting of 100 T to 250 T mega blocks, CFD analysis of plated mast structure for EOD camera and plume analysis, Technology adaptation for warship design optimization by leveraging virtual reality laboratory have been taken up by the R&D team at MDL.

Modernisation: MDL has successfully completed the augmentation of its infrastructure through Mazdock Modernization Project (MMP). In the next phase of modernization, MDL plans to expand its Shipbuilding and Submarine facilities at Alcock Yard, Outfit Assembly Shop in Alcock Yard, Extension of Track of Goliath Crane, Deepening of Ritchie Dry Dock and Construction of the Submarine Section Assembly (SSA) Workshop.

Indigenization: MDL has already set-up a dedicated Indigenization Department to boost the Government's "Make-In-India" initiative and to take up the task of progressively increasing the indigenization content in Warships and Submarines.MDL's commitment towards indigenization is evident from the fact that percentage of indigenization in the ships built by MDL has increased from 42% (Delhi Class) in the year 1997 to approximately 78% (Kolkata Class) in the year 2015-16.

Awards: Some of the major awards received by MDL during the year are -'Aerospace Award 2015' for Excellence in Innovation, 'Golden Peacock Award' for 2015 in Innovation Product/Service Award

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Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE), a Mini-Ratna Category-I Company is a profit making & dividend paying DPSU for the last 22 years. It has kept pace with India's expanding maritime interests and is established as a leading Shipbuilding yard.

Presently, 14 warships are under construction in GRSE which include two Anti-Submarine Warfare Corvettes (ASWC), eight Landing Craft Utility (LCU) ships and four Water Jet Fast Attack Crafts (WJFAC). The Second ASW Stealth Corvette (INS Kadmatt) was delivered on 26 Nov 2015. GRSE also completed the Hull and 'Launched' five Warships during the current year.

Modernization- The Shipyard has been modernised to implement Modular Shipbuilding in construction of three (03) Stealth Frigates under Project 17A. The yard is undertaking first stage of Modular Shipbuilding on fifth ship of LCU Project.

Awards: GRSE has been conferred with following major awards during the year:

  1. RM's Award for "Best Performing Defence Shipyard" for the years 2012-13 and 2013-14. With this, GRSE has won this award for four consecutive years (FY 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13 & 2013-14) in a row.
  2. Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar - 2nd Prize in 'C' Region for Excellence in Implementation of Official Language Policy for the year 2014-15 under PSU category.

GRSE has entered into a MoU with 'Indian Institute of Engineering, Science and Technology', (IIEST), Kolkata, for institutional collaboration in Education & Research in November, 2015.

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Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL), a Mini-Ratna Group-I status company, is capable of indigenously designing and building sophisticated high technology ships for Indian Defence Forces and other varied clients including export markets. GSL is presently executing export orders worth Rs. 1050 Cr. New business development areas identified under diversification include construction of Hovercrafts for Indian Army. GSL prides itself in timely delivery of ships at 'fixed cost' and enjoys very strong execution skills.

Deliveries/Launchings during 2015-16: GSL has delivered first 105M Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) of the Project to Coast Guard, as per contractual schedule, a major credit for any shipyard. Further,five Fast Interceptor Boats (FIB) for Government of Mauritius, were delivered ahead of schedule and three OPVs were launched in the year.

Make in India Initiative: GSL has been selected for indigenous construction of 12 Mine Counter Measure Vessels (MCMVs) under 'Make in India' initiative. Accordingly, Yard 'Infrastructure Augmentation Plan for MCMV' is being executed,on completion of which GSL will be able to build GRP Hull MCMVs with Transfer of Technology. Simultaneously yard has also worked out manpower augmentation plan to undertake the project.

R&D Activities: GSL is consistently investing in R&D activities and developing new generation platforms with improved features, like better fuel efficiency, higher endurance and higher speeds for varied operational roles and stealth features. GSL has successfully developed the design for 29 M, 50 Knots Interceptor Boats (IB) and delivery of first 105 M OPV (ICGS Samarth) has further validated the in-house design capability of GSL. Raksha Mantri's Award for Excellence in Design & Development of 50 knots Interceptor Boats was awarded to GSL during the year. Apart from this, GSL also bagged 'Rajbhasha Kirti' Award and 'Governance Now' Award during the year.

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HSL is the largest and a strategically located shipyard. The yard has built 174 vessels and repaired about 1940 vessels for Defence and Maritime Sector.

Major Achievements: The third of the series of five IPVs, "ICGS Rani Durgavati", for Indian Coast Guard, was handed over on 01 Jun 15. It is a light armed surface vessel capable of operation inshore and around island territories. HSL has also completed the work on Medium Refit-cum-Modernisation of INS Sindhukirti, an EKM class submarine which is the most advanced platform ever to be retrofitted with a missile system in the country.

HSL has entered into a MoU with global ship building giant M/s Hyundai Heavy Industries Co Ltd. for transfer of technology for design and manufacture of submarines including its systems / sub-systems on 13 Jan 2015.

Proactive action to improve R & D: HSL's design capability embraces a wide spectrum of general and special purpose vessels like the medium size Bulk Carriers of size up to 70,000 DWT, as well as product tankers, container vessels, dredgers, passenger ferries, survey vessels etc.

Modernisation: GoI has sanctioned Rs 457.36 Cr for Refurbishment & Replacement of Machinery and Infrastructure under Landing Platform Dock Project on 23 Dec 2011 to prepare the yard for construction of warships. As on end March 2016, work orders worth Rs 111.22 Cr have been placed.

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